Heart Disease: What You Need to Know to Stay Heart Healthy

Author: Lauren Grieco, MS, RD           

Posted: September 27, 2021

What are cardiovascular diseases?

Most Americans know a friend, family member, coworker, or neighbor that has struggled with some type of heart disease. Heart disease is currently the leading cause of death in the United States for both men and women1. Due to its prevalence, it is important to learn about the risks, symptoms, and ways to prevent heart disease.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels. They include2:
  • coronary heart disease: a disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle
  • cerebrovascular disease: a disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain
  • peripheral arterial disease: a disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs
  • congenital heart disease: birth defects that affect the normal development and functioning of the heart caused by malformations of the heart structure from birth
  • deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.
What are symptoms of CVD?

Typical symptoms of an underlying cardiovascular issue include:

  • pain or pressure in the chest, which may indicate angina
  • pain or discomfort in the arms, left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back
  • shortness of breath
  • nausea and fatigue
  • lightheadedness or dizziness
  • cold sweats
What are the risks?

Studies reported in the journal JAMA show that the lifetime risk of CVD is more than 50% for both men and women3.

Risk factors for CVD include:

  • high blood pressure, or hypertension
  • atherosclerosis or blockages in the arteries
  • radiation therapy
  • smoking
  • high blood cholesterol, or hyperlipidemia
  • diabetes
  • poor diet
  • physical inactivity
  • obesity
  • sleep apnea
  • excessive alcohol consumption
  • stress
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder or other forms of reduced lung function
Tips for prevention:

The good news is that there are opportunities to lower your risk of CVD! Most cardiovascular diseases can be prevented by addressing behavioral risk factors such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and obesity, physical inactivity, and harmful use of alcohol2.

Address risk factors by:

  • reducing the use of alcohol and tobacco
  • eating fresh fruit and vegetables daily
  • reducing salt, sugar, and saturated fat intake
  • avoiding a sedentary lifestyle, particularly for children

Consider adding a dietary supplement to your daily routine for added heart wellness. NatureKue’s dietary supplement, CardioSupport, utilizes scientifically evaluated herbal extracts to encourage better circulation for heart health. The all-natural ingredients help widen blood vessels and reduce inflammation.

Main Takeaways

It is important to detect signs of cardiovascular disease as early as possible so that management can begin early.

There are many actionable changes one can make to lower their risk of CVD. Work with your healthcare provider to assess your risk and discuss prevention techniques.

  1. Heart Disease Facts | cdc.gov. Accessed August 3, 2021. https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm
  2. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Accessed August 3, 2021. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds)
  3. Wilkins JT, Ning H, Berry J, Zhao L, Dyer AR, Lloyd-Jones DM. Lifetime Risk and Years Lived Free of Total Cardiovascular Disease. JAMA. 2012;308(17):1795-1801. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.14312

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